清代北京私家名园万柳堂考述(上)*
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贾珺,清华大学建筑学院教授、一级注册建筑师,博士,主要从事中外建筑史与文化遗产保护研究。

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国家自然科学基金项目“基于古人栖居游憩行为的明清时期园林景观格局及其空间形态研究”(51778317)


Wanliutang—A Famous Private Garden in Qing-dynasty Beijing
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    摘要:

    清代康熙年间(1662—1722),重臣冯溥在北京外城东部营造了一座别墅园林,名为亦园,又名万柳堂。园中种植柳树万株,形成壮观的层林景象,假山由江南造园大师张然堆叠而成,有平冈小坂、曲水回环之势。冯溥将此园完全向公众开放,并经常与同僚、朋友在此举行雅集, 留下了大量诗文。本文在文献考证的基础上,探析万柳堂的主题来源、营建历程、景观构成、造园意匠以及其中的雅集游乐活动,以期对这座已经消失的清代北京私家名园有一个更全面的认识。

    Abstract:

    During the reign of the Qing emperor Kangxi, the high-rank offiffifficial Feng Pu built a garden estate called Yiyuan or Wanliutang in the east of Beijing’s outer city. Ten thousand willow trees created a spectacular forest garden, and there were rockeries with gentle hills and meandering streams designed by Zhang Ran, a master garden planner from the south of the Yangtze River. Feng Pu opened the garden to the public and often held ‘elegant gatherings’ with scholarly and cultivated friends, reciting and producing poetry. Studying historical literature enabled the author to explore the source of the garden theme, the construction process, landscape composition, and gardening ideas as well as the refined activities that took place in Wanliutang, in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of this famous private garden in Beijing during the Qing dynasty.

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贾珺.清代北京私家名园万柳堂考述(上)*[J].建筑史学刊,2021,2(3):107-115.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-26