1955年建筑思想批判追述
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王军,高级记者,供职于故宫博物院,主要从事建筑与规划研究。

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A Critical Retrospective Analysis of 1955 Architectural Thought
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    1955 年针对梁思成的建筑思想批判,剑指资产阶级唯心主义、复古主义与建筑中的“浪费现象”,却未对关涉建筑设计规律的“型范”“法式”“做法”等问题进行深入的学术讨论,终不能令梁思成心悦诚服。梁思成主张传承并发展以宋《营造法式》、清《工程做法》为代表的中国古代建筑模数化设计方法,藉以创造具有中国风格的现代主义建筑。他的这一探索在 1955 年遭遇了重创,他的学术思想却未因此改弦易张。

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    Liang Sicheng’s 1950s publications are full of political slogans like bourgeois idealism, revivalism, and “against waste in building” which were effective phrases used in political campaigning back then. Seen against the background of the time, it is unfortunate but hardly surprising that his writings seemingly fail to address architectural design issues like “order” (xingfan), “standard” (fashi), and “ practice” (zuofa). Without doubt, Liang advocated the inheritance and development of the modular design method of traditional Chinese architecture, as recorded in the two historical texts of Yingzao fashi (Building standards) from the Song and Gongcheng zuofa (Engineering manual) from the Qing, to create a new and modernist style of Chinese architecture. But without adapting his writing style to the Communist Party doctrine, this was an intellectually challenging and almost impossible endeavor in 1955.

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王军.1955年建筑思想批判追述[J].建筑史学刊,2021,2(3):127-134.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-10-26