从《能静居日记》看赵烈文的营园实践及宅居园趣*
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李晓,天津大学建筑学院博士研究生,主要从事风景园林历史与理论研究。阴帅可,华中农业大学园艺林学学院副教授,博士,主要从事风景园林历史与理论研究。

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中央高校基本科研业务费“明清江南乡村园林研究”(2662020YLPY014)资助


Zhao Liewen’s Gardening Practices and Activities as Reflected in His Nengjingju Riji
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    摘要:

    晚清幕僚赵烈文撰《能静居日记》百万余字,本文通过梳理、分析其中对宅园“静圃”营建过程及园居生活的记录,谋求真实呈现晚清文人相地、建宅、营园以及园居雅集的详细过程及多维图景。同治四年(1865)七、 八月间,赵烈文前往江南考查各地区的屋价及风水,终定家址于常熟九万圩处。随着人口增加,静圃格局渐具明显的宅、园分区,以天放楼等藏书空间为核心的建筑空间和以静溪为核心的园林空间占据数次改建的重心。赵烈文于静圃的园居生活则表现为以光绪三年(1877)、光绪四年 (1878)间写仿辋川的溪北斗诗之举为代表的雅集诸事。

    Abstract:

    Zhao Liewen, a late-Qing scholar, wrote more than a million characters in his diary titled Nengjingju riji. Through analysis of Zhao’s text, the author of this paper reconstructs the daily life in Jing Garden and brings light to site investigation, house construction, and garden planning as well as the ‘elegant gatherings’ of literati that took place in the garden. More specifically, in the seventh and eight lunar months of 1865, the fourth reign year of emperor Tongzhi, Zhao traveled south of the Yangtze River. After considering the prices of houses and the spiritual geography (fengshui) of sites in different cities, he finally chose a place in Jiuwanwei, Changshu. As his family was growing, house and garden became clearer divided according to their function. Especially the library space of Tiangfanglou and the garden area along Jing Stream were rebuilt on several occasions. Zhao often invited relatives and friends to gather. The creative work inspired by his life at Jing Garden was modeled after the Wangchuan poetry collection of Tang poets and born from the gatherings held in the garden between 1876 and 1877, the third and fourth reign years of emperor Guangxu.

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李晓,阴帅可.从《能静居日记》看赵烈文的营园实践及宅居园趣*[J].建筑史学刊,2022,(1):135-141.

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-04-27